Nature and Climate of The South and Mergui Archipelago

South consists of mountains and plains stretch along the coastline Taninthayi, with two city-states Mon and Taninthayi -called “the tail” of Myanmar, stretching from the Shan Plateau to the south Kara. The east side of the mountains forming a natural border between Thailand and Myanmar.
Between the mountains and the coast is a plain of rice cultivation and fruit trees and seeds such as Durian, Rambutan, Mangosteen, Cashew, Coconut, besides the rubber trees are also grown here. The south and coast of Myanmar have many mangroves, palm, and immense rice fields.

Mergui archipelago in Myanmar.

Fishing crafts and seafood processing industries are developing quickly. Besides, coastal areas of Taninthayi have some very nice resorts and beaches. Minerals in the areas are mainly tin and tungsten.
The areas of Tainthayi have many border gates trading goods across the borders with Thailand and the Dawei deep-sea port is very convenient for international maritime traffic.
The major cities in this region are Dawei, Mergui, Amberst, Mawlamyine, Kyeik Maraw, Mudon…

The Mergui Archipelago is located in the south of Myanmar, including more than 800 islands offshore Taninthayi, opposite to the town of Mergui. Due to the unique geological structure, the islands and the sea in Mergui are diverse with flora and fauna system, landscape and underwater life are vibrant and gorgeous.
Residents living on this island are mountainous Gypsy, called the Salon (or Moken) in Myanmar language. They wandered on the sea and famous for pearl diving and abalone. Currently, they are using fishing boats and techniques handed down from many previous generations.

Myanmar’s climate is dominated by the annual monsoon cycle, create two main seasons. The dry season and the rain season, the average annual temperature is 27*C. Central and northern formed three seasons: summer – rain season – winter.
The summer runs from late January and ending in early May 5. The highest temperature reached in May and April, the temperatures reach 40*C. Three hottest cities in the summer, called “Wok of fire” of Myanmar are Mandalay, Nay Pyi Taw, Bagan. In northern Myanmar, summer temperatures are from 35*-36*C; Shan plateau, lower temperatures also range from 30*-35*

The rain season runs from late May to the end of October. South-west monsoon carries steam from Bengal Bay and the Andaman Sea to the continent, raining in the south to the north. Rainfall is distributed unevenly in areas, inland areas from 500-1000 mm/year. Mountainous and coastal areas with heavy rainfall from 3000-5000 mm/year.
Heavy rain set to vibrate May 9. From October onwards, cloudy sky, low rainfall, moderate temperatures, moisture absorption and shift to air dry.

Winter in Central land and the north lasts from late November to January next year. Cold winds blowing down from the north that make the temperature of some mountainous areas in the north the drop to 0*C, many places with snow. The southern region is cooler, the average temperature in Yangon in December and January is around 20*C.
Despite mixed tropical climate and subtropical monsoon, it still makes a unique feature of Myanmar. but due to terrain stretching from north to south, sheltered by high mountains in the north, so these characters have brought to Myanmar a rich natural scenery and diverse.

The diverse climate of Myanmar gathers many kinds of animals and floras than other Southeast Asian countries. Myanmar is home to 300 mammal species, including the rare animals such: rhino, white elephants…., 300 kinds of reptiles, 100 kinds of birds and more than 7000 species of plants. Myanmar possesses three-quarters reserves of teak in the world, the most valuable wood. Hills and forests covered 51% of the country, Myanmar is one of the few biggest countries to exploit and export wood in the world.

Take a trip to Myeik Archipelago with Go Myanmar Tours
We provide tailor-made tours to Myeik Archipelago. Tours typically start at Yangon and Mandalay for you to get a glimpse at the country best attractions before transferring to Myeik. If you love to explore the untouched nature of Myeik Archipelago, please browse top recommended tours and day trips at Myeik Archipelago tours or contact us to tailor the unique tour itinerary that meets your exact taste.