Nay Pyi Taw (or Nay Pi Daw) – The Capital City of Myanmar, in Burmese, meaning “royal capital city” or “throne” which lies between Bago Yoma mountains and Shan Yoma mountains with an area of 7.055 km2, away 3.2 km from the town of Pyinmana in the west and about 400 from km Yangon in the north. During the Second World War, Nay Pyi Taw is the basis for anti-fascist Japan of resistance forces in Burma.

Nay Pyi Taw officially became the administrative capital of Myanmar from the date of 6-11-2005. The official name Nay Pi Taw of the capital was announced on March 27th, 2003. Up to 2009, the people in the capital Nay Pyi Taw was about 925,000 people and Nay Pyi Taw becomes the third-largest city in terms of population in Myanmar, only after Yangon and Mandalay.

Nay Pyi Taw-the capital city of Myanmar

The Reason Why Nay Pyi Taw Becomes Myanmar New Capital

Nay Pyi Taw is one of the 10 youngest capital city in the world and was built in four years. The building process started in 2002 with about 25 construction companies involved. On November 11th, 2005, at 11:00 am, 1,100 trucks carrying 11 military battalions and 11 ministries of federal government left Yangon to the new capital of Burma. The central branches remaining completely moved to Nay Pyi Taw before the end of Dec 2009.

Nay Pyi Taw is the capital city of Myanmar where you can escape from the bustle life to enjoy the peace and quiet

There are many different opinions about why the government decided to move the capital of Myanmar from Yangon to Nay Pyi Taw. According to the official explanation of the Myanmar Government, because Yangon was too small and crowded, there is no space to expand the capital. So they decided to move the capital to Nay Pyi Taw. Many argued that Nay Pyi Taw is located at a more important strategic position than Yangon that was the strategic transportation hub of the entire federal, which can reach other states more easily, strategic regions in the north, west, and east.

Nay Pyi Taw zoo logical garden-one of the popular tourist attractions of the city

Some of Western’s diplomas supposed that Myanmar’s government is probably being worried about potential aggression in the future. Yangon has located closely the long coast, therefore, it is quite fragile and vulnerable if a true struggle happens. There is a school of Myanmar’s residents who said that the aggression warning has been predicted to the military headquarters.
Siddharth Varadarajan, an Indian reporter, had visited the new capital of Myanmar in January 2007 and explained that the vastness of Nay Pyi Taw can protect and prevent the country from the change of political regime. Thus, the infrastructure of Myanmar’s capital was designed to be a masterpiece of defensive urban planning.

Nay Pyi Taw Changes to Become the Myanmar Capital City

Nay Pyi Taw capital was planned, including the working palace of Parliament and Government; headquarters of ministries, central agencies; diplomatic corps; military zones; residential areas; hotel zones; luxury villas; shopping mall, entertainment areas, museum area and exhibition zone of gem, golf, temples…

the Hlutaw-paliament complex in Nay Pyi Taw

Nay Pyi Taw capital consists of eight counties are Zayar Thiri, Pohbla Thiri, Uttara Thiri, Zabu Thiri, Dekhina Thiri, Pyinmana, and Tatkone Lewwe.

Traffic connection between the capital Nay Pyi Taw to commercial center – Yangon and cultural center – Mandalay is 4 to the 6-lane highway of 700 miles. In addition, there are other air routes connect Nay Pyi Taw with other tourist destinations of Myanmar such as Bagan, Heho, Sittwe, Myikyina, Kyaing Tong and other places. Myanmar’s government is urgently expanding Nay Pyi Taw airport into an international airport scheduled for completion in 2012; also plans to build a high-speed railway Nay Pyi Taw – Yangon serving local traffic demand.

In 2011, Nay Pyi Taw was known as one of 10 cities that has the fastest growing speed in the world.

The Capital of “Ghost”

Myanmar’s capital Naypyidaw is a huge area with the construction cost over $ 4 billion, however, the number of residents is much lower than in other cities.
Referring to Myanmar, visitors often think of Yangon or Mandalay – the Buddhist center, but not everyone knows that Nay Pyi Taw is the capital of the country.
Many tourists choose Naypyitaw as one of the destinations for their Burma tours because they are attracted by the wilderness. They argue that the most special thing about this city is nothing but the hidden houses and wide streets.

A 28-year-old Norwegian tourist who has been on a Naypyidaw Sightseeing city tour to this capital of Myanmar with his brother, they were enjoying the multi-lane highway and said: “Have you ever seen a highway with 20 lanes and no cars going?”. On large roads, there are only buffalo or sometimes a few motorbikes.

The 20 lane highway and light traffic in Nay Pyi Taw once making it as if a ghost cityCompare to Yangon or Bagan, the Buddhist pagodas in the new capital of Myanmar seem to be a little lonely, deserted when there are no visitors to visit. The design of these is quite similar to the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, but there is no abbot to govern.
To attract people to visit, recently, Nay Pyi Taw has held many large-scale events such as the Southeast Asian Games and World Economic Forum. Besides, it is paid more attention to service developments, people can have a large choice of standard hotels at reasonable prices (unlike in Yangon, where prices are pretty high).

Most conferences and events in Nay Pyi Taw are organized at one of the huge Myanmar International Convention Centres, which are close to the main hotel zones; they both have quick and free wifi. Unlike the rest of Myanmar, most of Nay Pyi Taw has round-the-clock electricity and most hotels have good internet speeds.

Most conferences and events in Nay Pyi Taw are organized at one of the huge Myanmar International Convention Centres, which are close to the main hotel zones; they both have quick and free wifi. Unlike the rest of Myanmar, most of Nay Pyi Taw has round-the-clock electricity and most hotels have good internet speeds.

Famous Attractions in Nay Pyi Taw

Uppatasanti Pagoda

Being a relatively new attraction in Myanmar in general and Nay Pyi Taw in particular, Uppatasanti Pagoda is one of the main highlights to visit in the new capital of Myanmar. The construction of the pagoda started in 2006 and finished in 2009. With 325 feet high, Uppatasanti Pagoda lends a significant dignity to Nay Pyi Taw. The main stupa enshrining a tooth relic from the Buddha, which was offered by China.
Nay Pyi Taw - The Myanmar Capital City

Nay Pyi Taw Zoological Garden

Situated in 1062 acres of land in Nay Pyi Taw, Nay Pyi Taw Zoological Garden is the largest zoo in Myanmar. There are 39 species of mammals, 30 species of birds and 12 species of birds and 12 species of reptiles displaying at 27 booths. Visiting Nay Pyi Taw Zoological Garden in a city tour, you will have an opportunity to observe the rare wildlife at the gardens which hard can be seen anywhere else.

Myoma Market

With 250 shops and other 400 stalls for greengrocers, Myoma Market boasts the largest trading center in Nay Pyi Taw, the new capital of Myanmar. It is a fascinating place to linger and capture the hustle and bustle life of the local people. Upon here, tourists can find a variety of goods such as food, electronic products, and traditional costumes, etc. Even more, this is also where you can find the special makeup powder of Burmese – Tanaka.

Nay Pyi Taw Water Fountain

Located on the east of Nay Pyi Taw, the Water Fountain is a beautiful destination to visit while traveling to the new capital of Myanmar. The best time of the day to visit is in the evening when the fountains are light up with different colors.

Nay Pyi Taw Water fountain at night