Myanmar, land of ancient pagodas, experience the ups and downs among centuries. Exploring Myanmar, visitors will have a chance to understand a thousand year history of Myanmar that is also enhance their experience during Myanmar tours.
Many peoples have lived and history began with the mark of the Mon civilization. Around 300 BC, they probably migrated into the area and first empire Suwarnabhumi was found around the port Thaton. In the 7th century, the Pyu arrived in Myanmar and established city kingdom at Binnaka Mongamo. During this period, Myanmar became one part of the trade route from China to India. By 849, a powerful empire had been found by Burmans in the city Bagan and filled the void left by the Pyu. Under the Burmans Empire, this nation was grown in relative isolation until the reign of Anawrahta (1044-1057) who united all Myanmar by defeating the Mon city of Thaton in 1057.
After the breakdown of the Bagan Empire, Myanmar has separated once again. The new kingdom had been reconstructed by the Burmans at the city of Ava by 1364. During this period, Bagan culture was revitalized and Burmese literature was reborn. In 1531, a new kingdom centered in Taungoo was led by Tabinshwehti who once again united most of Myanmar. By 1759, Alaungpaya conquered Pegu and southern Myanmar whereas regaining manipulation of Manipur. He selected Rangoon or Yangon as a capital.
However, during the 19th century, like many other countries in Asia, Myanmar had witnessed the invasion of westerners. In response to the continued conquests of Myanmar, the British and the Siamese joined forces against Myanmar in 1824. The First Anglo-Burmese War (1824-182626) ended with victory for the British. The British began to aspire the natural resources of Myanmar and wanted to secure their supply route to Singapore. As a result, the Second Anglo-Burmese War happened in 1852. The very war brought about a revolution in Myanmar with the replacement of King Pagin Min (ruled 1846-52) by his half-brother, Mindon Min (ruled 1853-1878). King Mindon tried to reform the Burmese state and economy to resist British encroachments and he established a new capital at Mandalay which he proceeded to fortify. Nevertheless, this was not enough to stop the British. During the British colonial era, they made all of Burma a province of India in 1886 with the capital at Rangoon. Traditional Myanmar society was significantly altered by the ending of the monarchy and the separation of church and state. It was not until January 4, 1948, Myanmar declared the independence